In the name of "Jade": Professor of Shanghai Jiaotong University is the name of the ancient business road

Jiangsu Yuyang jade material is a typical material for jade articles of Liangzhu Culture (about 5300-4000 years ago). Liangzhu culture is the most developed jade culture in the late Neolithic period. Its typical instruments such as jade and jade are directly inherited by the descendants of the Central Plains.

More than a hundred years ago, the German Lichhofen went to East Asia to explore. After returning to China, he wrote the concept of "Silk Road" and has been influencing it ever since. More than one hundred years later, Professor Ye Shuxian, a professor at the School of Humanities at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, spent a year on a 30,000-mile discovery tour. He found that the jade trade has already been transported on this route since the silk trade boomed for more than 2,000 years.

"From the study of unearthed cultural relics and ancient literature, this foreigner named the road was originally for the transportation of jade." This "Jade Road" not only updated people's perception of the traditional "Silk Road", but also Put forward a new understanding of the origin of the Chinese civilization.

Professor Ye Shuxian said that the German geographer Lichhofen proposed the name "Silk Road", referring to the silk trade between China's Hetao region and China and India from 114 BC to 127 AD. This Western Region transportation route. "This passage starts from the events in the Western Region of Zhangyetong and has been around for more than 2,000 years."

Through a large number of field trips, field investigations and archaeological discoveries, Professor Ye Shuxian put forward the concept of “great tradition”. “When civilization has not yet begun, jade culture has already accumulated.” He believes that from a global perspective, the inter-regional international trade object earlier than silk is jade, including metal ore derived from jade development. Our latest research has pushed this traditional 'silk road' forward 2000 years."

It is reported that while the "Silk Road" is booming and popular, the academic research on the "Jade Road" has only just begun in recent decades. In order to understand the "Jade Road" puzzle, at the beginning of the new century, Professor Ye Shuxian began a journey of more than 10 years of jade, covering all parts of Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan and other provinces.

Yang Qingcun, dean of the School of Humanities at Shanghai Jiaotong University, called this passage "painted by Professor Ye with his feet." “Mr. Ye proposed a methodological discrimination for the academic community, so that historiography is no longer limited to literature research.”

Since June last year, Professor Ye has visited the traditional “Silk Road Three Lines” such as Shanxi Road, Hexi Corridor and Huan Tengge Desert five times in one year to inspect the origin of Qijia Culture Jade Mine. In June of this year, he went deep into the desert, Gobi, and no-man's land, completed the survey of the grassland and river cover areas, and mapped out the distribution map of the western and mining resources. In addition, in the just-concluded journey, he and the team discovered two jade mines and a ruins of the ancient city of Han Dynasty, which corroborated the academics' speculation about the "Jade Road."

It is understood that Professor Ye Shuxian proposed the "Jade Road" to declare the world cultural heritage, and the current application work is also underway.

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